*Avoid Essential K GC Plus which contains Glucosamine
**Avoid Gro’n Win GC which contains Glucosamine
Which low carbo feeds to avoid? Ones with extra fat such as Purina Ultium, Ker Re-Leve, and Blue Seal Carb-Guard. These are great options in tie-up, PSSM, and Cushings horses with no Insulin Resistance. Summary: Not all “lite” feeds are best for Insulin Resistant horses.
HEIRO is directly available all over Canada.
Click here to see a list of retailers.
Ration balancers in Canada: Purina Optimal, Nutrena Empower Topline, Masterfeeds 30% Supplement
United Kingdom and Europe Measurement Equivalent:
1 Baking Cup = 240 ml in volume, so 720 ml volume = 1 pound.
In England, a pint glass holds 568 ml, about 1-1/4 pints = 1 pound.
Which low carbo feeds to avoid?
Ones with extra fat such as Purina Ultium, Ker Re-Leve, and Blue Seal Carb-Guard. These are great options in tie up, PSSM, and Cushings horses with no Insulin Resistance.
Summary: Not all “lite” feeds are best for Insulin Resistant horses. You will feed a very small amount of one of these four in the morning along with HEIRO™, beet pulp, and a handful of alfalfa pellets.
An example of one of these feeds
– Purina’s Enrich Plus.
1,000 pound horse gets 1 pound feed once a day in the morning (Option: Split into 2 feedings.)
Large pony gets ¾ pound feed once a day in the morning (Option: Split into 2 feedings.)
Small pony gets ½ pound feed once a day in the morning. (Option: Split into 2 feedings.)
1,000 pound horse – Feed 3 cups in the morning (Option: 1 1/2 Cups AM + 1 1/2 Cups PM .)
Large pony – Feed 2 cups in the morning (Option: 1 Cup AM + 1 Cup PM .)
Small pony – Feed 1 1/2 cups in the morning (Option: 3/4 Cups AM + 3/4 Cups PM .)
My horse is a hard keeper
– always too thin, especially in the winter. How to add weight safely using a ration balancer and senior feed.
You will combine a ration balancer and a senior feed to bring back muscle and topline.
Ration balancers have higher protein to help add muscle.
Both ration balancers and commercial senior feeds are low carb. We need that due to many are Insulin Resistant and are also COPD. This plan will also help breathing muscles that are damaged in COPD.
What cup to use: a kitchen measuring cup from the grocery store. Not a scoop, not a coffee can, not your Snoopy coffee cup.
A 2016 Study showing Carbohydrates in diet is top reason for higher insulin numbers.
Click here to see Dr. Bamford’s Article.
Ways to help us monitor the right food needed
There are 2 methods to choose the right foods and to monitor what is in the food. The best way is to use both systems to plan the diet. The systems to monitor are called the “Glycemic Index” and the “Carbohydrate Level test”.
1. Glycemic Index of food
This compares food’s effects after eating to that of a similar amount of pure Glucose. Glucose has a rating of 100 and the closer to 100 (higher the Glycemic Index) the faster that food delivers its Glucose into the blood stream. We want low Glycemic Index foods to avoid Glucose surges which trigger Insulin surges. Example: A carrot has a high Glycemic Index number of 71, while peanuts have a low Glycemic Index number of 14. Conclusion: avoid carrots, feed roasted peanuts in the shell as a nutritious snack to your horse.
2. Carbohydrate Level Test
When you get grass or hay tested to see if it is safe, there are two items to look at to see Carbohydrate levels. They are sugar and starches.
The main nutrient of hay/grass is Carbohydrate. As we went over earlier, sugar and broken down starch will enter the blood stream as Glucose. We want to avoid high sugar/starch forage or, if we see it, monitor and manage the intake.
Grass will change during the season and if you have a concern, test the grass and test the horse’s Insulin together. If the grass is high in sugar but your turnout time with a muzzle shows a good Insulin level, then all is well. Just because the grass is high in sugar, does not mean you lock the horse in the stall; you just manage the horse differently.
Grass pasture — normal levels of:
ESC (Simple Sugars) 5-15%
Timothy grass hay – normal levels of:
ESC (Simple Sugars) 4.7-10.9%
Side note on fiber:
Fiber is also a Carbohydrate but it requires the bacteria of the large intestine to break it down. The sugar/starch Carbohydrates go into the bloodstream at the small intestine. Fiber rolls past the small intestine and goes down the tract.
There are two types of fiber:
Soluble fiber – bacteria break it down, nutrients absorbed
Insoluble fiber – cellulose seen in stems, seed hulls
Is fiber important? Yes.
It creates a sensation of fullness because it is not digested at the small intestine level, so your horse eats less due to not being as hungry.
Assists in slow, steady delivery of Glucose to the small intestine due to its bulk — slows release out of stomach of sugars.
Soluble fiber can account for 50% of the energy needs of your horse.
Hay and beet pulp have excellent amounts of fiber. Hay has about 30% and beet pulp about 20%. For comparison, corn has only 2% fiber which means it is mainly sugar/starch— that is why corn is avoided in Insulin Resistance horses.